What is Obstetrics & Gynecology?

Obstetrics & Gynecology is a branch of medicine that specializes in the care of women during pregnancy and childbirth. It also related to the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the female reproductive organs including including Cervical Dysplasia, Menstrual Disorders, Pelvic Floor Prolapse, Uterine Fibroids etc.

What is menopause?

The time in which a woman’s ovaries stop creating hormones and menstrual period stop is known as menopause. Naturally, it occurs in the age of 50.

Symptoms of menopause

The symptoms of menopause are

  • Irregular periods.
  • Vaginal dryness.
  • Hot flashes.
  • Chills.
  • Night sweats.
  • Sleep problems.
  • Mood changes.
  • Weight gain and slowed metabolism.

What is pre-menopause?

The pre-menopause is around menopause where it refers to the time during which your body makes the natural transition to menopause.

Symptoms of perimenopause

The symptoms of perimenopause

  • Irregular periods
  • Hot flashes and sleep problems
  • Mood changes
  • Vaginal and bladder problems
  • Decreasing fertility
  • Changes in sexual function
  • Loss of bone density
  • Changing cholesterol levels

Treatments for menopause and pre menopause

It is treated with estrogen therapy which is the most effective treatment option for menopause flashes. es. Rest, it depends upon the personal and family medical history that the doctor may recommend estrogen in the lowest dose. OBG doctors can treat such problems in an effective way.

Second- Menstrual Disorders

Menstrual irregularities have the variety of causes including hormonal imbalance, infections, disease, trauma and certain medications.

What are the types of menstrual disorders?

The following are the types of menstrual disorders:

  • Dysmenorrhea (painful periods)
  • Irregular periods or missed periods
  • Heavy periods

Treatment for Menstrual Disorders

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), Analgesics, can help provide pain relief for cramps. OBG doctors can treat such problems in a proper way.

Third- Benign Ovarian Cysts

Ovarian Cysts are common and vary in size and may occur at different sites in the ovary. The most common type of growth is when an egg produces follicle and it is not ruptures and release the egg but instead swells with fluid and forms a follicular cysts.

Symptoms can include

  • Nipples discharge
  • Breast pain or tenderness in the area of the breast
  • Heavy periods

Diagnosis of ovarian cysts

  • Ultrasonography of Pelvis
  • Laparoscopy

Treatment of ovarian cysts

There are many non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that can treat the ovarian cyst pain and period cramps also. Surgical intervention if it is needed.

What is Fibroids?

A fibroid is a non-cancerous growth of the uterus that are often appearing during the childbearing years.

What causes fibroids?

The cause of the fibroids is not properly known. Research suggest that tumor develops from an abnormal muscles cell in the uterus.

Fibroids Symptoms
  • Heavy menstrual bleeding.
  • Menstrual periods lasting more than a week.
  • Pelvic pressure or pain.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Difficulty emptying the bladder.
  • Constipation.
  • Backache or leg pains

How are fibroids diagnosed?

There are 2 types of ultrasound that can scan the fibroids. The first one is abdominal ultrasound and transvaginal ultrasound.

How are fibroids treated?

The treatment for fibroid is myomectomy which is an operation for preserving the uterus. For women who have fibroid symptoms and want to have children in the future then myomectomy is the best option for such women.


Fibroids Symptoms

The doctor will rotate the baby’s head to the right alignment with baby’s body that will be inside the body of the women so that it will be easy to deliver a child with the push. The OBG doctors in Bangalore can help you in normal deliveries.

Cesarean sections

Cesarean sections is used to deliver a baby through surgical incisions made in the abdomen and uterus. If a women is having a pregnancy complications then she is advised to have a C-section delivery.


Infertility is defined as the inability of being pregnant despite having a unprotected sex for at least a year for most of the couples. In Vijaya Hospital in Bangalore, you will get the proper treatment for such problems.


It is a type of artificial insemination which is a procedure for treating infertility. This insemination occurs during ovulation, it takes approximately two weeks after the procedure to determine if the treatment is successful.